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April 02, 2024

Generative AI Adoption and Scaling: Overcoming Barriers


Edwin Lisowski

CSO & Co-Founder

Reading time:

10 minutes

Using generative AI has caused a wave of excitement across various industries. From creating unique content to designing innovative products, the technology’s potential to streamline workflows and unleash creative possibilities seems limitless. However, just like any other technology, the adoption and scaling of genAI come with lots of challenges.

In this post, we will tell you how to use generative AI despite the common barriers hindering generative AI’s adoption and scalability and explore several practical solutions to overcome them. By understanding these challenges and implementing effective strategies, organizations can use generative AI as intended and propel themselves toward long-term success.


Common Barriers to Generative AI Adoption and Scaling

Although genAI has quite a big potential, using generative AI can be difficult for some organizations to adopt it successfully. Some of the most common challenges of generative AI adoption and scaling include:

  • Lack of AI Expertise

Overall, generative AI techniques, such as Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and Variational Autoencoders (VAEs), require specialized knowledge in machine learning and deep learning. [1]

Unfortunately, there is a shortage of professionals with expertise in these areas. As such, companies usually struggle to recruit or train individuals capable of developing and deploying genAI solutions.

  • Computational Power & Resources

Training generative AI models require a lot of computational resources, including Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), Central Processing Units (CPUs), bandwidth, and memory. [2] That said, many organizations lack the infrastructure or budget to acquire and maintain such resources. Scaling up available computational resources to accommodate the training, development, and deployment of generative AI models can also be a major barrier for smaller organizations.

  • Explainability and Interpretability

In most cases, generative AI models are often seen as black boxes because it’s not always clear how they arrive at their outputs. This lack of explainability and interpretability makes it hard for individuals and organizations to trust and accept these models, especially in critical applications where decisions impact human lives.

Read more: Hallucination in Large Language Models? Strategies for Secure Generative AI Deployment

  • Ethical Concerns

Using generative AI raises ethical concerns regarding the potential for misuse or the creation of biased or harmful content. Some of these ethical concerns and risks include the generation of deepfakes, misinformation, copyright ambiguities, data privacy violations, and offensive materials. [3] As such, organizations must prioritize ethical principles and responsible AI practices to mitigate these risks and ensure the ethical deployment of generative AI technologies.

  • Adversarial Attacks

When you use generative AI models, you need to remember that those based on neural networks are especially vulnerable to adversarial attacks, where malicious actors manipulate input data to produce undesirable outputs. These attacks can compromise the integrity and security of generative AI systems, leading to misinformation, privacy breaches, or other malicious activities. The best way to prevent them is by implementing robust measures to ensure the reliability and security of generative AI applications.

  • Legal & Regulatory Challenges

Using generative AI technology is rapidly evolving and has outpaced the development of comprehensive legal frameworks to govern its use across the globe. Most of the time, concerns arise whenever individuals and organizations use genAI to create content that resembles existing copyrighted material. Also, the legal landscape regarding the reliability of generated content, especially in cases of misinformation and malicious use, still remains ambiguous.

The best way to address these legal and regulatory challenges is through the collaboration of policymakers, legal experts, and the general AI community. By establishing clear legal guidelines, all stakeholders can continue using genAI to foster innovation while avoiding potential legal risks.

  • Transferability & Generalization

Generative AI models usually struggle to transfer learned knowledge to new domains that are not adequately represented in the training data. This has made it difficult to use generative AI models in real-world scenarios with diverse data distributions and conditions.

Fortunately, researchers have begun exploring various techniques to help improve the transferability and generalization capabilities of various generative AI models. Techniques like transfer learning and meta-learning are being used by AI experts to equip generative AI models with the ability to adapt and produce meaningful content in a wide variety of settings. [4]

Case Study-OpenAI-API

Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Generative AI Adoption and Acaling

To unlock the full potential of generative AI, organizations must address the above obstacles head-on. Here are various strategies that can help organizations overcome the barriers to generative AI adoption and scaling.

  • Prioritize Responsible AI

The vast amounts of data required for training can raise concerns about the privacy and security of generative AI models. This is why businesses must prioritize responsible AI by implementing robust data governance frameworks. These frameworks should outline clear protocols for data collection, storage, and usage.

Organizations must also adhere to ethical AI principles to ensure that generated content aligns with societal norms and isn’t biased in any way.

Read more: What Is Trustworthy AI and Why It’s Important

  • Explore Managed AI Services

For smaller organizations, the computational power and technical expertise needed to develop and manage in-house genAI solutions can be quite a challenge. Fortunately, they can always turn to managed AI services as a cost-effective alternative. These services provide access to pre-trained generative AI models on cloud platforms, allowing companies to leverage cutting-edge technology without the burden of infrastructure management. [5] This enables them to focus on integrating the technology with their existing workflows.

  • Investment in Infrastructure

For larger organizations pursuing full-fledged generative AI development, investment in robust computing infrastructure is crucial. Generative AI models often require significant processing power, necessitating the adoption of advanced hardware like GPUs and TPUs. Building a secure and scalable cloud infrastructure can further enhance efficiency and support the evolving needs of generative AI projects.

  • Collaborative Partnerships

Collaboration with AI research institutions and tech companies is an invaluable strategy in overcoming barriers to genAI adoption and scaling. These partnerships basically offer access to cutting-edge expertise, research findings, and pre-trained models that can significantly accelerate internal genAI development and reduce the need for reinventing the wheel. Partnerships can also foster knowledge sharing and contribute to the overall advancement of the field.

  • Implement Ethical Ai Governance Frameworks

As previously mentioned, implementing robust AI governance frameworks is crucial in ensuring responsible development and deployment of generative AI. These frameworks should outline ethical principles that guide data collection, model training, and content generation. They should also incorporate bias detection and mitigation strategies to ensure that generated content is fair and unbiased.

  • Focus on Upskilling

Organizations need to invest in upskilling programs to equip their employees with the necessary knowledge and expertise to work alongside AI effectively. This includes training in areas like data science, machine learning, model interpretation, and ethical considerations. By fostering a culture of lifelong learning, organizations can empower their employees to leverage genAI and unlock its full potential.

  • Implement Data Management Strategies

Generative AI models heavily rely on the quality and quantity of data they’re trained on. That’s why organizations need to implement robust data management strategies to ensure data quality and accessibility. This includes data cleansing and normalization practices to eliminate inconsistencies and errors within the data.

Secure data storage and access control mechanisms are also necessary to safeguard sensitive information. And finally, it’s important to put in place strategies for ongoing data maintenance and labeling to ensure the continuous improvement of generative AI models over time.

  • Address Resistance to Change

Transitioning to a generative AI-driven organization might come with a little bit of resistance from employees. For instance, they may be anxious about job displacement and fear of change, which is why employers need to proactively address these concerns through transparent communication and change management strategies.

Essentially, employers should assure their employees that generative AI is intended to augment human capabilities, not replace them. Reframing the narrative to focus on opportunities for upskilling and collaboration can foster a more positive attitude toward AI adoption.

  • Automation & Devops Practices

Implementing automation and DevOps practices can streamline the development and deployment of generative AI solutions. [6] Automation tools can for instance handle repetitive tasks like data preprocessing and model training, freeing up time for developers to focus on innovation. DevOps practices also ensure seamless collaboration between development and operations teams, accelerating the release of new AI models and features.

  • Proactive Planning

Embracing generative AI isn’t a one-time event; it’s a continuous journey. This is why organizations need to practice proactive planning to lay the foundation for successful adoption and scaling. This involves conducting a thorough needs assessment to identify specific areas within the organization where generative AI can deliver the most significant impact.

Developing a clear roadmap with defined milestones also ensures that you’re focusing your efforts on the right things and that you’re constantly evaluating the organization’s infrastructure and outlining a strategy for potential upgrades.

  • Agile & Iterative Development

The rapid evolution of generative AI necessitates a flexible development approach. Agile and iterative development methodologies allow teams to adapt and refine their models based on new data and user feedback.

This approach involves breaking down generative AI development into smaller, manageable sprints. Each sprint focuses on specific functionalities, enabling rapid prototyping and testing cycles. Feedback from both internal stakeholders and external users can then be incorporated into subsequent iterations, leading to continuous improvement of the generative AI model. [7]

  • Scalable Workforce Development

The success of generative AI hinges on a skilled workforce. This is why organizations must invest in scalable workforce development programs to bridge the knowledge gap. These programs should train employees in areas critical to generative AI adoption, including data science, machine learning, model interpretation, and ethical considerations.

It’s important to note that scalable workforce development doesn’t require a one-size-fits-all approach. Organizations can offer online learning modules, in-person workshops, and mentorship opportunities to cater to employees at different levels of technical expertise. By cultivating a talent pool with the necessary skills to manage and use generative AI effectively, they can ensure a smooth transition and fully maximize the technology.

Wrapping up

The transformative potential of generative AI is undeniable. However, its widespread adoption and scaling require a proactive approach to overcoming existing barriers. By using generative AI and implementing the strategies outlined in this post, organizations can cultivate a growth mindset, prioritize responsible AI practices, and leverage managed AI services where appropriate. Doing so enables organizations to achieve successful generative AI adoption and long-term business in an ever-changing technological environment.


[1], GANs vs. VAEs: What is the Best Generative AI Approach? URL: Accessed on March 22, 2024
[2] How to Train a Generative AI Model. URL:,Accessed on March 22, 2024
[3] Generative AI ethics: 8 Biggest Concerns and Risks. URL:,Accessed on March 22, 2024
[4] Differences Between Transfer Learning and Meta-Learning. URL: Accessed on March 22, 2024
[5] Generative AI Smackdown: AWS, Azure, and GCP Battle it Out. URL: Accessed on March 22, 2024
[6] What is DevOps Automation? URL: Accessed on March 22, 2024
[7] The Growing Need For Human Feedback With Generative AI And LLMs. URL: Accessed on March 22, 2024



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